12 July 2024
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African Climate Farming: Adapting to Climate Change

African farmers are facing the challenges of a changing climate, with extreme weather events such as droughts and floods becoming more frequent and severe. In response, farmers across the continent are turning to a combination of traditional farming practices and modern technologies to ensure food security for the growing population.

Reviving Traditional Farming Methods in Zimbabwe

In Zimbabwe, small-scale farmer James Tshuma is reviving ancient farming techniques to combat the effects of climate change. Using homemade organic manure and fertilizer made from livestock droppings, plant residue, and other biodegradable items, Tshuma is able to sustain a thriving vegetable garden even in the face of worsening droughts. By blending traditional practices with modern methods, farmers like Tshuma are finding ways to improve soil fertility and increase crop resilience.

Associate Professor Wonder Ngezimana from Zimbabwe’s Marondera University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology emphasizes the importance of organic fertilizers in increasing soil carbon and moisture retention. By utilizing organic methods, farmers can mitigate the impacts of drought and improve the overall health of the soil, leading to more sustainable agricultural practices.

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The Greenhouse Revolution in Somalia

In conflict-prone Somalia, greenhouses are transforming the way agriculture is practiced, offering a solution to food insecurity and creating employment opportunities for the youth. With over 250 greenhouses producing fruits and vegetables in and around the capital, Mogadishu, urban consumers now have access to locally grown, fresh produce year-round. This shift towards greenhouse farming not only ensures food security but also provides a more resilient livelihood option for pastoralist herders who are facing the loss of livestock due to climate-related challenges.

Mohamed Okash, director of the Institute of Climate and Environment at SIMAD University in Mogadishu, highlights the need for increased investments in smart farming practices to combat food insecurity and build a more sustainable agricultural sector in Somalia.

Climate-Smart Farming in Kenya

In Kenya, a new climate-smart bean variety called “Nyota” is offering hope to farmers in regions experiencing reduced rainfall due to climate change. Developed through collaboration between research organizations, the new bean variety matures quickly, allowing farmers to harvest before the onset of droughts. This innovation is not only increasing yields and profits for farmers like Benson Gitonga but also addressing consumer preferences by offering a bean variety with low flatulence levels.

David Karanja, a bean breeder at the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization, emphasizes the importance of developing crop varieties that are resilient to climate change and tailored to diverse climatic conditions. By adopting climate-smart agricultural practices, farmers in Kenya are adapting to the challenges of a changing climate and improving food security in the region.


African farmers are at the forefront of adapting to climate change by combining traditional knowledge with modern innovations to ensure food security and sustainable agriculture. From reviving ancient farming practices in Zimbabwe to embracing greenhouse technology in Somalia and developing climate-smart crop varieties in Kenya, farmers across the continent are finding creative solutions to mitigate the impacts of climate change on agriculture.

By investing in sustainable farming practices, promoting agricultural resilience, and supporting small-scale farmers, African countries can build a more food-secure future for their growing populations. The integration of traditional wisdom with cutting-edge technologies holds the key to ensuring a thriving agricultural sector in the face of climate uncertainty.

Links to additional Resources:

1. https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/climatechange/brief/agriculture-and-climate-change 2. https://www.fao.org/climate-change/en/ 3. https://www.ifad.org/en/web/climate-change/home

Related Wikipedia Articles

Topics: Climate-smart agriculture, Greenhouse farming, Organic fertilizers

Climate-smart agriculture
Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) (or climate resilient agriculture) is a set of farming methods that has three main objectives with regards to climate change. Firstly, they use adaptation methods to respond to the effects of climate change on agriculture (this also builds resilience to climate change). Secondly, they aim to increase...
Read more: Climate-smart agriculture

A greenhouse is a special structure that is designed to regulate the temperature and humidity of the environment inside. There are different types of greenhouses, but they all have large areas covered with transparent materials that capture sunlight and heat. The most common materials used in modern greenhouses for walls...
Read more: Greenhouse

Organic fertilizer
Organic fertilizers are fertilizers that are naturally produced. Fertilizers are materials that can be added to soil or plants, in order to provide nutrients and sustain growth. Typical organic fertilizers include all animal waste including meat processing waste, manure, slurry, and guano; plus plant based fertilizers such as compost; and...
Read more: Organic fertilizer

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