19 July 2024
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Archaeology Serbia Settlement: Discovering a 7,000-Year-Old Settlement in Serbia

Archaeology team led by Professor Dr. Martin Furholt from Kiel University recently made a groundbreaking discovery in Serbia, unearthing a 7,000-year-old settlement near the Tamiš River in Northeast Serbia. This discovery is the result of a collaborative effort between the ROOTS Cluster of Excellence, the Museum of Vojvodina in Novi Sad, the National Museum Zrenjanin, and the National Museum Pančevo. The settlement, located close to the modern village of Jarkovac in Vojvodina, covers an impressive area of 11 to 13 hectares and is surrounded by four to six ditches. This finding is particularly significant as it sheds light on a period in history where larger settlements in the Serbian Banat region were scarce.

Uncovering the Vinča Culture: Insights into the Late Neolithic Period

Through the use of geophysical methods, the archaeological team was able to map the extent of the settlement and gain a clear understanding of its structure 7,000 years ago. The surface artifacts found at the site indicate that it belonged to the Vinča culture, dating back to between 5400 and 4400 BCE. This culture is well-known for its distinctive pottery and figurines. Interestingly, the settlement also displays influences from the regional Banat culture, highlighting the cultural diversity and interactions that existed during this period in history.

Revealing Neolithic Circular Features in Hungary: The Lengyel Culture

In addition to the discovery in Serbia, the research team also investigated Late Neolithic circular features in Hungary attributed to the Lengyel culture, which thrived between 5000/4900 and 4500/4400 BCE. By utilizing geophysical technologies and systematic surveys, the team was able to re-evaluate existing sites and differentiate between the various eras represented at these locations. This thorough investigation provided new insights into the distribution of wealth and knowledge during the Neolithic period, offering a clearer picture of how technologies and information spread in early human history.

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Understanding Social Inequality: Insights from Southeast Europe

The recent archaeological endeavors in Southeast Europe have not only unearthed ancient settlements but also provided valuable data for understanding social inequalities and knowledge transfer during the Neolithic period. Professor Martin Furholt emphasizes the importance of Southeast Europe in unraveling the spread of knowledge and technologies, such as metalworking, in early European history. The discoveries made by the team are integral to the interdisciplinary project Inequality of Wealth and Knowledge of the Cluster of Excellence ROOTS, shedding light on how these elements were intertwined in ancient societies.

The recent archaeological discoveries in Serbia and Hungary offer a glimpse into the rich history of the region, providing valuable insights into the cultural exchanges, economic systems, and social dynamics of the past. These findings not only enrich our understanding of the Neolithic period but also contribute to ongoing research on social inequality and knowledge dissemination in early human societies.

Links to additional Resources:

1. www.archaeology.org 2. www.nationalgeographic.com/archaeology-and-history 3. www.livescience.com/archaeology

Related Wikipedia Articles

Topics: Vinča culture, Lengyel culture, Neolithic period

Vinča culture
The Vinča culture (ʋîːntʃa), also known as Turdaș culture, Turdaș–Vinča culture or Vinča-Turdaș culture, is a Neolithic archaeological culture of Southeast Europe, dated to the period 5400–4500 BC. Named for its type site, Vinča-Belo Brdo, a large tell settlement discovered by Serbian archaeologist Miloje Vasić in 1908, it represents the...
Read more: Vinča culture

Lengyel culture
The Lengyel culture is an archaeological culture of the European Neolithic, centered on the Middle Danube in Central Europe. It flourished from 5000 to 4000 BC, ending with phase IV, e.g., in Bohemia represented by the 'Jordanow/Jordansmühler culture'. It is followed by the Funnelbeaker culture/TrB culture and the Baden culture....
Read more: Lengyel culture

Neolithic
The Neolithic or New Stone Age (from Greek νέος néos 'new' and λίθος líthos 'stone') is an archaeological period, the final division of the Stone Age in Europe, Asia and Africa. It saw the Neolithic Revolution, a wide-ranging set of developments that appear to have arisen independently in several parts...
Read more: Neolithic

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