14 June 2024
Motherhood: Challenging Societal Expectations of Overidealization.

All images are AI generated

Spread the love

Motherhood, often encumbered by societal expectations, is presented as a standard to which women are expected to conform. Terms such as “childless” suggest a deficit, while “childfree” differentiates those without children, underscoring societal pressures. This language propagates the myth that motherhood is the default, marginalizing women who choose to remain without children and reinforcing restrictive cultural norms.

Motherhood: Challenging Societal Expectations

Related Video

Published on: December 15, 2017 Description: Sheryl Ziegler, Doctor of Psychology, shares what mothers need in their lives in order to experience happiness and help prevent ...
Why Moms Are Miserable | Sheryl Ziegler | TEDxWilmingtonWomen

In our society, the idea of motherhood is deeply ingrained. It is seen as the norm, with words like “childless” or “childfree” implying that those without children are lacking in some way. This societal pressure affects women who choose not to have children, marking them as outsiders. But why is it that women are expected to be mothers, and not just any kind of mother, but the “right” kind?

The Gender Inequality Factor

The expectation for women to become mothers is often a consequence of the gender inequality that still exists in our society. Women lack the privilege and support to have children at “less convenient” times. They carry more mental and emotional labor at home, working longer hours than men who are fathers. Even though there has been an increase in the number of single parents, there are still many barriers, both social and practical, to going solo.

As poet and essayist Adrienne Rich wrote, the idea of the “childless woman” versus the “mother” is a false polarity that serves the institutions of motherhood and heterosexuality. The idealization of motherhood undermines all women, regardless of their choices. It restricts their autonomy and perpetuates the notion that their primary goal in life should be to become a mother.

The Reasons Behind Not Having Children

There are many reasons why people may choose not to have children. These reasons can be cultural, social, environmental, or financial. Some individuals make the choice to be childfree, while others may not have a choice due to various circumstances. However, even in this era of freedom and choice, do women truly have the freedom to understand their reproductive options and shape their decisions?

Often, discussions about having children revolve around regret. What if you regret it and it’s too late? What if you change your mind and it’s too late? Regretting having children is a topic that is more commonly associated with mothers, while men’s fertility choices are not as heavily scrutinized. Research has shown that people who are childfree by choice are generally happy with their decision, while those who have children are more likely to regret it.

The Lack of Support and Pressure

So why does society still put so much pressure on people, especially women, to have children? Why does it tell them that their most important goal in life is to be a mother, only to then label them as bad or neglectful mothers? The lack of support and the absence of a community or “village” to help raise children contribute to these challenges. We are trying to do it all alone, without the support systems that once existed.

The reproductive justice movement aims to change this narrative. It advocates for the human right to maintain personal bodily autonomy, to have or not have children, and to parent in safe communities. It brings attention to marginalized communities that face barriers in reproductive health and are at risk of sexual and reproductive violence. It also highlights the impact of reproductive inequalities on individuals whose lives exist outside the binary framework.


In conclusion, the societal idealization of motherhood benefits no one. It restricts women’s autonomy, perpetuates gender inequality, and places unnecessary pressure on individuals to conform to societal expectations. It is important to recognize and respect the choices of individuals when it comes to having children. Everyone should have the freedom to make decisions about their own reproductive options without judgment or societal pressure.


1. Why is motherhood seen as the norm in our society?

In our society, motherhood is deeply ingrained and seen as the norm due to societal expectations and gender inequality.

2. How does gender inequality contribute to the pressure on women to become mothers?

Gender inequality results in women carrying more mental and emotional labor at home and facing barriers to having children at “less convenient” times. This perpetuates the expectation for women to become mothers.

3. What are some reasons why people choose not to have children?

Individuals may choose not to have children due to cultural, social, environmental, or financial reasons. Some individuals make the choice to be childfree, while others may not have a choice due to circumstances.

4. Why does society put so much pressure on women to have children?

Society puts pressure on women to have children due to societal expectations and the lack of support and community to help raise children. However, this pressure is detrimental and restricts women’s autonomy.

5. How does the reproductive justice movement aim to address these challenges?

The reproductive justice movement advocates for personal bodily autonomy, the right to have or not have children, and safe parenting communities. It also brings attention to reproductive health barriers faced by marginalized communities and reproductive inequalities outside the binary framework.

Links to additional Resources:

Childfree by Choice Psychology Today: Parenting Population Matters

Related Wikipedia Articles

Topics: Motherhood, Gender Inequality, Reproductive Justice

A mother is the female parent of a child. A woman may be considered a mother by virtue of having given birth, by raising a child who may or may not be her biological offspring, or by supplying her ovum for fertilisation in the case of gestational surrogacy. A biological...
Read more: Mother

Gender inequality
Gender inequality is the social phenomenon in which people are not treated equally on the basis of gender. This inequality can be caused by gender discrimination or sexism. The treatment may arise from distinctions regarding biology, psychology, or cultural norms prevalent in the society. Some of these distinctions are empirically...
Read more: Gender inequality

Reproductive justice
Reproductive justice is a critical feminist framework that was invented as a response to United States reproductive politics. The three core values of reproductive justice are the right to have a child, the right to not have a child, and the right to parent a child or children in safe...
Read more: Reproductive justice

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *